NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Biomass Green Briquette Fuel (GBF) Production (BidiePa) under Kitchen Efficiency Programme [NDF C3 D7]

Currently, the saw dust waste from saw mills is burned instead of utilising it. Photo: Karsten Kristensen
Briquette extruder. Photo: Karsten Kristensen
Cook Clean Improved Cook Stoves
23.09.2013
The project aims to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions and reduce the pressure on local forests through the substitution of non-renewable charcoal with an efficient and renewable alternative.

Ghana
Biomass Green Briquette Fuel (GBF) Production (BidiePa) under Kitchen Efficiency Programme
Ref: NDF C3 D7

Nordic Partner: C. F. Nielsen A/S
Local Partner: CookClean Ghana Limited
Other Partners: B2A S.m.b.a. (Business to Africa)
Total Project Cost: EUR 923,403
NCF Financing: EUR 494,790
Agreement Signed: 21 March 2013
Project Classification: Mitigation/Adaptation
Duration: 24 Months

Project Objective

The project objective is to support low income groups by providing them access to a sustainable and economically feasible source of energy. The project aims to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions and reduce the pressure on local forests through the substitution of non-renewable charcoal with an efficient and renewable alternative.

Description

The project will install a biomass briquetting plant to supply a substitute for traditional wood fuels. The plant will produce carbonised and uncarbonised biomass briquettes from agriculture and forestry residuals, which would otherwise be disposed of or incinerated. There is an abundance of waste biomass - sawdust, maize cobs and millet stalks - that can be used to produce biomass briquettes. During production, the agricultural residues are compressed to create a dense product that requires less volume for a given weight. The briquettes can be produced in different shapes for different stoves. They are more energy efficient and produce less smoke than traditional wood fuels such as charcoal and firewood. Local sales agents will be trained to promote and distribute the briquettes. The project plans to organise cooking demonstrations and product presentations on a community-to-community basis to disseminate knowledge on biomass briquettes and to showcase their burning properties and energy efficiency. Cooperation with women’s associations, local governments, NGOs, local churches and other associations at the local level will ensure a high uptake and sustain the educational element of the distribution strategy. The installed biomass briquette plant aims to provide up to 740,000 people with a renewable energy resource.

Relevance for Climate Change

The project will mitigate greenhouse gas emission by substituting traditional firewood and charcoal with biomass briquettes. Waste biomass is traditionally disposed of or burnt on site, which creates unnecessary CO2 and methane emissions. The briquette production will have positive environmental impacts since the energy content in the waste is being utilised and because of more efficient combustion, which induces less GHG emissions. The project will avoid the use of 460,000 tonnes of non-renewable biomass with considerable CO2 mitigation potential. The conserved forest will have adaptive impacts through ecosystem services, reduced soil erosion and higher water retention capacity.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

Currently, charcoal is mainly produced with methods that involve high GHG emissions and the land is degraded as production is carried out in the same areas over and over again. The project innovatively utilises the abundant waste biomass to reduce the pressure on natural forests. The biomass briquetting plant uses efficient production techniques that avoid methane emissions during the carbonisation process, in contrast to traditional carbonisation methods or the direct use of firewood. The project will serve as a template for similar initiatives, enabling the replication and adoption of the knowledge base for entrepreneurs in Ghana and elsewhere in the region.

Key recent milestones achieved as of June 2016

  • Briquetting plant commissioned and production on-going.

More information

C.F. Nielsen
CookClean Ghana