NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Building Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change [NDF C3 B9]

The project aims to build adaptive capacity of the lead agency in water resources, the Water Resource Management Authority (WRMA), and the Water Resource User Associations (WRUAs)

Building Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Kenya
Ref: NDF C3 B9

Nordic Partner: ORGUT Consulting AB (Sweden)
Local Partner: Water Resource Management Authority (WRMA), Water Services Trust Fund (WSTF) and Rural Focus Ltd.
Other Partner: DHI (Denmark)
Total Project Cost: EUR 1,019,300
NCF Financing: EUR 496,750
Agreement Signed: 5 November 2010
Project Classification: Climate change adaptation
Duration: 31 months (completed)

Project Objective

The objective of the project was to build adaptive capacity of the lead agency in water resources, the Water Resource Management Authority (WRMA), and the Water Resource User Associations (WRUAs) through: i) improved knowledge on the impacts of climate change on water resources; ii) robust strategies for climate change adaptation; and iii) improved adaptive capacity at the WRUA level to implement climate change measures.


Prior to 2005 the water resource management sector in Kenya received little external support. The project provided guidance to WRMA and a number of locally based WRUAs on climate change issues, and set out priorities and approaches needed to strengthen capacity at different levels of adaptation measures. WRMA’s engagement and participation was one of the major contributions to the success of the project. The project built WRMA’s capacity to adapt to climate change and thus improve the scientific knowledge on possible climate change in Kenya and its impact of the water resources, and developed practical guidelines on adaptation to changes on climate and water resources. Furthermore, the project utilised the outputs to implement actions to address climate change in critical sub-catchments.

Relevance for Climate Change

Many parts of Kenya are already facing serious water problems as a likely result of climate change. The long term climate change scenario for Kenya related to water resources includes higher temperatures and resulting increase in evaporation, increased precipitation except along the coast that may be drier, and an erratic weather pattern resulting in flash floods and recurrent droughts. The project has helped to ensure that relevant adaptation strategies and measures regarding water resources are implemented in the country.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

The project was innovative in terms of knowledge and technology transfer since it was the first study where all the different steps in addressing climate change were covered. The project covered Regional Climate Modelling (RCM) simulations by UK Met Office Hadley Centre for the years 1950-2100 for assessing climate change, to rainfall-runoff modelling for for 6 catchment areas providing estimate of impact of water resources on a country-wide scale, to the development of adaptation strategies at local and regional level including water allocation analysis and scenario development studies conducted in 2 sub catchments and six “Show Cases” supported in of Sub-Catchment Management Planning and funding.

It also included actual implementation of adaptation measures. This approach made it possible to test the role and importance of the different steps in the whole cycle from RCM simulation to implementation of adaptation measures. The project was operated entirely through target country institutions thus enhancing Kenyan capacity to address climate change and included multiple seminars, workshops and training events in the contributing to and dissemination of practical climate change adaptation guidelines used in support of climate change adaption measures.

Regional Climate Modelling for Kenya 2020-2049

For more information

NCF Newsletter
ORGUT Consulting AB
Water Services Trust Fund (WSTF)
Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA)
Rural Focus, Ltd.