NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: The Bukaleba Charcoal Project [NDF C3 B14]

26.09.2017
The primary objective of the project was to build two clean and sustainable high yielding charcoal plants to reduce the impact charcoal production and deforestation has on climate change.

Uganda
The Bukaleba Charcoal Project
Ref: NDF C3 B14

Nordic Partner: Green Resources AS (Norway)
Local Partner: Busoga Forest Company Limited
Total Project Cost: EUR 976,018
NCF Financing: EUR 220,000
Agreement Signed: 30 September 2010
Project Classification: Climate change adaptation and mitigation
Duration: 61 months (completed)

Project Objective

The primary objective of the project was to build two clean and sustainable high yielding charcoal plants to reduce the impact charcoal production and deforestation has on climate change.

Description

Charcoal is an important energy source for East Africans, vital for the daily household activities of the poorest people. The high demand for firewood and charcoal is the main source of deforestation in Uganda. Traditional charcoal production methods using for example earth pits are highly inefficient providing only 10-15% yields. In addition, charcoal production is usually illegal since indigenous forests are being used as raw material as well as polluting due to methane emissions. The Bukaleba Charcoal project introduced four modern, energy efficient and methane-free charcoal kilns that are capable of producing 7,500 tonnes of sustainable charcoal a year. The new kilns are capable to double the efficiency of traditional charcoal production reducing the need of biomass required to make the same amount of charcoal.

Relevance for Climate Change

The four sets of installed modern kilns have mitigated climate change in a number of ways, including the prevention of methane emissions, a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential 21 times that of CO2, from the carbonisation process. The project has reduced around 1,400 tonnes of CO2eq during the implementation period. In addition, the project has produced charcoal using renewable biomass sources such as timber and waste residues from the Busoga Forest Company’s sustainable plantations and, as per Green Resources’ policy, ten trees have been planted for every harvested one. This will have a positive impact on deforestation since almost all charcoal in Uganda is currently produced using indigenous forests which are not replanted.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

This was the first plant in East Africa where methane emissions from charcoal production were recycled. It is expected that the project’s innovative gas capture technology will set a precedent for future charcoal production and increase the innovation amongst traditional charcoal producers to raise their efficiency. Knowledge transfer is fundamental to further develop the charcoal production industry in East Africa.

For more information

Green Resources AS