NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Climate Smart Agriculture for Improved Rural Livelihoods [NDF C62 B 3]

Photo: Heli Sinkko
Photo: Heli Sinkko
Photo: Heli Sinkko
Photo: Heli Sinkko
The project will support farmers to implement Climate Smart Agriculture and establish sustainable farmer enterprises for the adaptation to and mitigation of climate change

Climate Smart Agriculture for Improved Rural Livelihoods
Ref: NDF C62 B 3

Nordic Partner: The Foundation Vi Planterar Träd (Vi-skogen / Vi Agroforestry)
Local Partners: Dairy Goats Association of Kenya (DGAK), Miriu Integrated, Western Kenya Tree Planters Association (WETPA), Kimaeti Farmers CBO, Kenya Rural SACCOs societies Union Ltd (KERUSSU LTD)
Total Project Cost: EUR 500,000
NCF Financing: EUR 300,000
Agreement Signed: 6 February 2015
Project Classification: Combination
Duration: 30 Months

Project Objective

The overall objective of the Climate Smart Agriculture for Improved Rural Livelihood project is to contribute to improved living conditions for farmer households and mitigate climate change through Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and in particular Sustainable Agriculture Land Use Management (SALM).


The project will be undertaken in the Bungoma and Kisumu Counties in Kenya where the population depend on carrying out mixed farming systems for their livelihoods. However, the prevailing farming systems and degraded land are not productive enough to provide food security for the farming community in the area. Farmers are using conventional and typically poor farming technologies which can increase vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.

The SALM concept is a methodology for farmers to adapt to the impacts of climate change and achieve increased environmental resilience in different climatic or agro-ecological zones. Adoption of SALM practices can intensify productivity on croplands and grasslands reducing the pressure on agricultural, wetlands or forest lands. The project aims to increase altogether 5,400 farmers’ resilience to climate change through improved and less variable crop yields and help the farmers to move from subsistence agriculture to market-oriented agroforestry. Four farmer organisations will establish business enterprises for the marketing and sale of agricultural produce. The fifth local partner, KERUSSU, will support the farmer enterprises to access savings and loaning products to farmers. Access to credit is a major hindrance to scale up from subsistence farming to commercial farming.

The project is expected to deliver the following main outputs leading to four sustainable, climate-friendly farmer enterprises being established and operating at the end of the project:

(i) 5,400 farmers supported to adopt SALM practices and to rehabilitate degraded land by planting 500,000 trees
(ii) 4 business plans implemented successfully enabling farmer groups to undertake market oriented farming
(iii) 150 Village Savings and Loans Association (VSLA) formed by farmer groups enabling small-holder farmers to save and borrow money

Relevance for Climate Change

Adoption of CSA practices will not only help farmers to adapt to climate change but also help to rehabilitate degraded land and increase the amount of soil organic carbon in agricultural land. The project will contribute to climate change mitigation efforts by helping to sequester about 43,740 tons of CO2 over a 20 years’ lifetime through the capture of soil organic carbon and use of woody perennials. The project will engage the farmers to participate in the rehabilitation of degraded areas by applying diverse land management practices. Together with stakeholders, the project will develop and implement restoration and rehabilitation plans. Tree establishment will be a key component in promoting rehabilitation efforts since it is a sustainable long term solution.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

The project is the first scaling-up effort of the lessons learnt from the Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project (KACP) and is designed in way that provides an opportunity for farmer organizations to play a central role in organizing extension services and carbon monitoring for its members. The project will employ CSA as a tool that can enable small-holder farmers to improve their livelihoods through the engagement in farmer businesses. With increased crop and livestock productivity, the project will demonstrate value addition techniques that can be adopted by farmers.

Key recent milestones achieved as of February 2017

  • 1,350 hectares are under Sustainable Agriculture Land Management(SALM) practices
  • Advisory services on SALM practices reached 4,026 farmers
  • 493,636 tree seedlings sold
  • 360,396 trees planted
  • 240 groups are trained on business management
  • 2,180 farmers adopted promoted value chains
  • Partners trained on gender mainstreaming

More information

The Foundation Vi Planterar Träd (Vi-Skogen)
SALM – what is it and how does it work