NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Fuel from Waste: Demonstrating the Feasibility of Locally Produced Ethanol from Household Cooking in Addis Ababa [NDF C3 C3]

Micro Distillery
Micro Distillery
13.04.2012
The purpose of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of locally produced ethanol for household cooking to displace the traditional use of biomass for cooking in Ethiopian communities.

Ethiopia
Demonstrating the Feasibility of Locally Produces Ethanol for Household Cooking in Addis Ababa
Ref:NDF C3 C3

Nordic Partner: Stockholm Environment Institute
Local Partner: Gaia Association
Other Partners: Former Women Fuel Wood Carrier Association, and Ethiopian Environmental Protection Authority
Total Project Cost: EUR 886,240
NCF Financing: EUR 346,060
Agreement Signed:31 October 2011
Project Classification: Mitigation / Renewable Energy
Duration: 24 Months

Project Objective

The overall objective is to contribute to poverty reduction and climate change mitigation by enabling access to clean, safe, renewable and locally produced household cooking fuels to displace the traditional use of biomass for cooking in Ethiopian communities. The immediate objective is to supply ethanol and ethanol fuelled cooking stoves to 1000 low and middle income households in the Kolfe-Keranio community on the outskirts of Addis Ababa by establishing a community owned and run ethanol micro distillery.

Description

The purpose of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of locally produced ethanol for household cooking. A small-scale, community-owned and driven ethanol micro distillery will be commissioned. The feedstock for the distillery will be fruit and vegetable waste products from the local food markets and molasses from small and medium scale sugar producers. To ensure community ownership and long term sustainability of the scheme the distillery will be run as a business by a local women’s cooperative, the Former Women Fuel Wood Carriers Association (FWFCA). The FWFCA will establish an ethanol stove demonstration project in the local community using the ethanol produced at the site. Ethanol fuelled CleanCook stoves will be sold to participating households. To facilitate access to the stoves for poorer households, a micro loan facility will be established.

The following main results are expected:
1. Install and commission a 1000 litre/day ethanol micro distillery to produce ethanol from agricultural wastes and by-products;
2. Reduce CO2 emissions (reductions of between 6-9 tonnes of CO2e/household per year are expected);
3. Create employment for the women of the FWFCA;
4. Improve household health for 1000 households using the ethanol cooking stoves;
5. Improve household economy for 1000 households using the ethanol cooking stoves;
6. Deliver policy-relevant information on the impacts and replication potential of the model to key Ethiopian and International decision makers.

Relevance for Climate Change

The project will give households access to clean, safe, renewable and locally produced cooking fuels (ethanol), thus reducing the traditional use of biomass for cooking, improving indoor air quality and mitigating CO2 emissions. Since ethanol can be less expensive than all other household fuels currently in use, it has the possibility of replacing the use of traditional fuels.

Inefficient cook-stoves contribute to climate change though emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols such as black carbon. Black carbon or soot is a large contributor to global warning. The improved ethanol fuelled CleanCook stoves will replace traditional cooking devices, and will emit virtually no greenhouse gas emissions or other pollutants as the ethanol fuel has been produced from plant waste which burns efficiently and cleanly.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

The ethanol micro distillery will be the first of this scale in Ethiopia and the first ethanol distillery in Ethiopia producing ethanol exclusively for household cooking. Technology transfer will be achieved as the Swedish designed ethanol-fuelled CleanCook will be tailor-made to suit Ethiopian cooking practices.

Implementation status as of October 2015

  • Monitoring and Evaluation plan completed;
  • Baseline household surveys conducted;
  • Feedstock feasibility analysis completed;
  • Procurement of ethanol stoves completed;
  • Project agreement and environmental certificate obtained;
  • Site selection completed;
  • The plant commissioned in October 2015.