NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Piloting REDD+ Monitoring and Non-Wood Forest Product Value Chains to Mitigate Green House Gas Emissions in the Rural Communities of Bandafassi [NDF C62 B 8]

Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
11.03.2015
The project has contributed to the fight against rural poverty, the restoration of natural forests and prevention of soil erosion in rugged landscape

Senegal
Piloting REDD+ Monitoring and Non-Wood Forest Product Value Chains to Mitigate Green House Gas Emissions in the Rural Communities of Bandafassi
Ref: NDF C62 B 8

Nordic Partner: Arbonaut Ltd.
Local Partners: Agence Nationale des Ecovillages (ANEV), AGRO ECO Services, Centre National de Recherches Forestières (CNRF), Groupe d’Intérêt Economique GIE Wakilaaré I, Groupement de Promotion féminine (GPF) Foussatawu
Total Project Cost: EUR 858,568
NCF Financing: EUR 450,000
Agreement Signed: 23 January 2015
Project Classification: Combination
Duration: 35 Months

Project Objective

The objective of the project was to increase the capacity of rural people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate hazards by promoting processing of Non-Wood Forest Products as an alternative source of income for rainfed agriculture.

Description

The project aimed to support local entrepreneurship and reduce deforestation by introducing Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs) as an alternative for agricultural production as the main livelihood in the rural community of Bandafassi. The underlying objective was to limit the impact of degradation factors on Niokolo Koba National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and ensure the regulation of the flows of major rivers Niger, Senegal and Gambia. Bandafassi consists of 33 villages and 2,300 households.

The value chains of Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) such as honey, shea, tamarin and baobab were enhanced with improved methods of harvesting, processing, packaging and storing to secure better product quality. Women and youth formed the primary Economic Interest Groups (EIG) and they got necessary training for modern beekeeping practices and acting as entrepreneurs capable to connect with micro-credit funding and more lucrative markets in urban areas. To these ends three transformation units for NWFPs were built in the village. New technology such as firewood saving stoves and modern beehives reduce pressure on forest resources and reduce GHG emissions. Stoves were manufactured from local raw materials and beekeeping demonstration sets procured.

Finally, the project also piloted the REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system and developed a bankable payments program for ecosystems services that, in addition to planed eco micro-credit, set up a sustainable way to financing the activities.

The project has delivered the following main outputs:
(i) REDD+ MRV methodology and system developed and piloted
(ii) Local entrepreneurship based on sustainable use of value-added NFWPs enhanced
(iii) Reduced volume of firewood through promotion of improved stoves

Relevance for Climate Change

Use of the improved stoves decreases the use of firewood which represents a reduction 408 tCO2e over a minimum of 3 years’ lifetime. Indirect reductions may amount to 2,880 tCO2e over a 3 years’ lifetime. Forest, fruit and ornamental trees have been planted on an area of 270 hectares which have the potential to capture 5,340 tCO2 over 20 years period.

The designed pilot REDD+ MRV system provided a set of tools and technical manuals to monitor activity data related to changes in land use and cover. It was found out that the sub-national forest reference level including above-ground and belowground biomass accounts for 313,701 tonnes of CO2e as the average annual net emissions over the period 2003-2015. The average annual burnt area within the study region amounts to 105,000 ha, which is about 27% of the pilot area. The areas affected by fire are mainly grasslands (52%), forests (44%) and to a smaller extent croplands. The average annual emissions are considerable - 346,000-445,000 t CO2e in case of methane and 204,000 – 266,000 tCO2e in case of nitrous oxide.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

In Senegal, as in West Africa, the value chain approach has not yet been utilized in the production, processing and marketing of NWFPs. The project aims to encourage local people to appreciate natural resources and the importance of their sustainable use, rather than prohibitions or restrictions based on the law. Senegal has not yet joined the community of the REDD+ readiness phase countries to receive financial and technical support from the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) or UN-REDD programmes. The project has encouraged Senegal to pursue the international ecosystem service and carbon markets in particular to incentivise local people to conserve their environment, use natural resources sustainably and halt adverse climate change impacts while increasing soil carbon stocks. The REDD+ MRV system is based on the Open Source components, for example, mobile data collection application available through the FAO-coordinated Open Foris Initiative, which Arbonaut has been partnering.

More information

Arbonaut Ltd.
Agence Nationale des Ecovillages (ANEV)
Centre National de Recherches Forestières (CNRF)
Final Report