NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Piloting REDD+ Monitoring and Non-Wood Forest Product Value Chains to Mitigate Green House Gas Emissions in the Rural Communities of Bandafassi [NDF C62 B 8]

Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
Photo: Tuomas Rantanen
11.03.2015
The project will contribute to the fight against rural poverty, the restoration of natural forests and prevention of soil erosion in rugged landscape.

Senegal
Piloting REDD+ Monitoring and Non-Wood Forest Product Value Chains to Mitigate Green House Gas Emissions in the Rural Communities of Bandafassi
Ref: NDF C62 B 8

Nordic Partner: Arbonaut Ltd.
Local Partners: Agence Nationale des Ecovillages (ANEV), AGRO ECO Services, Centre National de Recherches Forestières (CNRF), Groupe d’Intérêt Economique GIE Wakilaaré I, Groupement de Promotion féminine (GPF) Foussatawu
Total Project Cost: EUR 900,000
NCF Financing: EUR 450,000
Agreement Signed: 23 January 2015
Project Classification: Combination
Duration: 30 Months

Project Objective

The objective of the project is to increase the capacity of rural people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate hazards by promoting processing of Non-Wood Forest Products as an alternative source of income for rainfed agriculture.

Description

The project aims to support local entrepreneurship and reduce deforestation by introducing Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs) as an alternative for agricultural production as the main livelihood in the rural community of Bandafassi. The underlying objective is to limit the impact of degradation factors on Niokolo Koba National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and ensure the regulation of the flows of major rivers Niger, Senegal and Gambia. Bandafassi consists of 33 villages and 2,300 households.

The value chain of Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) such as honey, shea, tamarin and baobab will be enhanced with improved methods of harvesting, processing, packaging and storing to secure better product quality. Women and youth will form the primary Economic Interest Group (EIG) and they will get necessary training for modern beekeeping practices and acting as entrepreneurs capable to connect with micro-credit funding and more lucrative markets in urban areas. To these ends three transformation units for NWFPs will be built in the village. New technology such as firewood saving stoves and modern beehives will reduce pressure on forest resources and reduce GHG emissions. Stoves will be manufactured from local raw materials and beekeeping demonstration sets procured.

Finally, the project will also pilot the REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system and develop a bankable payments program for ecosystems services that, in addition to planed eco micro-credit, will set up a sustainable way to financing the activities.

The project is expected to deliver the following main outputs:
(i) REDD+ MRV methodology and system developed and piloted
(ii) Local entrepreneurship based on sustainable use of value-added NFWPs enhanced
(iii) Reduced volume of firewood through promotion of improved stoves

Relevance for Climate Change

The project will strengthen the organizational and technical capacity of local people to adapt to climate change, promote alternative livelihoods for rainfed agriculture and preserve forest resources against various degradation factors. The climate change mitigation benefits will mainly incur through changing practices in honey production. Currently the honey producers hunt away the bees with smoking torches in order to reach the bee hives causing frequent bush fires. With the new “Kenyan type” bee hives and adequate protection against bees, no torches will be needed. In 2013 the burned surface in Niokolo Koba National Park was estimated to be 279,500 hectares of the total area of 913,000 hectares and in the Bandafassi Rural Community 6,000 hectares of the 75,000 hectares.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

In Senegal, as in West Africa, the value chain approach has not yet been utilized in the production, processing and marketing of NWFPs. The project aims to encourage local people to appreciate natural resources and the importance of their sustainable use, rather than prohibitions or restrictions based on the law. Senegal has not yet joined the community of the REDD+ readiness phase countries to receive financial and technical support from the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) or UN-REDD programmes. The project will encourage Senegal to pursue the international ecosystem service and carbon markets in particular to incentivise local people to conserve their environment, use natural resources sustainably and halt adverse climate change impacts while increasing soil carbon stocks. The REDD+ MRV system will be based on the Open Source components, for example, mobile data collection application available through the FAO-coordinated Open Foris Initiative, which Arbonaut has been partnering.

Key recent milestones achieved as of February 2017

  • REDD+ measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) methodology and system developed and piloted.
  • National MRV workshop organised. Direction des Eaux, Forêts, Chasses et de la Conservation des Sols is the MRV host institution.
  • Land cover analysis piloted
  • Field measurement campaign concerning biomass and tree inventory continued
  • Warehouse and transformation centre ready for treatment of honey and other NWFPs
  • Basic electrification of the production centre completed with solar panels.
  • Tree planting on-going
  • 300 improved cookstoves financed
  • Local craftsmen being trained to produce stoves

More information

Arbonaut Ltd.
Agence Nationale des Ecovillages (ANEV)
Centre National de Recherches Forestières (CNRF)