NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Promoting Renewable Energy Technologies for Enhanced Rural Livelihoods [NDF C3 C6]

13.02.2014
The aim of the project was to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve the living conditions and economic situation of rural people in remote districts of far-west and mid-west regions of Nepal via application of three renewable energy technologies.

Nepal
Promoting Renewable Energy Technologies for Enhanced Rural Livelihoods
Ref: NDF C3 C6

Nordic Partner: FCG Finnish Consulting Group Ltd (Finland)
Local Partner: Centre For Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
Other Partners: n/a
Total Project Cost: EUR 510,582
NCF Financing: EUR 341,505
Agreement Signed: 4 November 2011
Project Classification: Mitigation / Renewable Energy
Duration: 28 Months (completed)

Project Objective

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve the living conditions and economic situation of rural people in remote districts of far-west and mid-west regions of Nepal via application of three renewable energy technologies.

Description

The project involved the development of improved water mills (IWM) for grain grinding, husking, oil extraction and electricity production, as well as training and support for the promotion, testing and expanded use of variety of improved cooking stoves (ICS). The project also supported the introduction of hydraulic ram pumps for small-scale irrigation in upland areas. All these renewable technologies have improved the living conditions of rural people, especially traditional water mill operators, farmers, and women and girls in general.

The main outputs of the project were:

1. 151 energy efficient improved water mills (IWM) operating in 4 districts with appropriate local support, institutional development and maintenance mechanisms functioning to guarantee sustainability;

2. Improved cooking stoves (ICS) in daily use in 6073 households in the project area, saving firewood and decreasing environmental degradation and air pollution;

3. 6 trial hydraulic ram pumps installed in 3 districts, saving energy and permitting off-season crop production in remote areas.

In addition, the mill operators, stove promoters and hydraulic ram pump users have been trained to operate and maintain the technologies without external support.

Relevance for Climate Change

The far and mid-west regions in Nepal, due to their remote mountainous location, have little or no access to energy from the grid. The area is also among the poorest in Nepal and several of the districts suffer from food deficits. Through the implementation of three different innovative renewable energy technologies, the project intends to increase the use of renewable energy, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions, whilst improving living conditions, food security and the economic situation for the rural population.

There was a reduction of 16 500 tonnes of CO2 emissions through the installation and use of different technologies, mainly from the improved cookstoves  It is estimated that lifetime of the technologies is 10 years.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

The hydram pump and the improved water mills technology are both innovative technologies in the project area. The improved water mill program of the local partner CRT/N began in central and eastern Nepal in 1991. However there have been very few activities in the far and mid-west region of the country. The use of improved technology allows the mills to increase their efficiency via use of a renewable resource – water. Improved water mills can be installed with a range of technologies to be able to husk and grind grain, to extract oil, grind spices, operate a saw mill, pump water, beat chiura (butter nuts), crush sugar cane, and even to produce electricity (both to charge batteries and to power mini-grids for night time lighting). Hydraulic ram pump technology is 200 years old, used in many developing countries. But in Nepal a break-through of this technology is still to come perhaps due to relatively high investment cost. If farmers do not vision the increased production and income, they are not ready to investment for micro irrigation.

The renewable energy technologies have served as demonstrations and promotion of further replication in the areas.

More information

FCG Finnish Consulting Group Ltd
Centre For Rural Technology
Hydram pumps in Nepal
Improved water mills for grinding and oil expelling
Improved cooking stoves