NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Roadmap to Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Livestock Sector of Honduras and Nicaragua [NDF C62 B 2]

Photo: Nordic Climate Facility
1.04.2015
The project will identify technologies and best practices that improve livestock productivity while contributing to improved strategies for adaptation and mitigation to climate change.

Honduras and Nicaragua
Roadmap to Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Livestock Sector of Honduras and Nicaragua
Ref: NDF C62 B 2

Nordic Partner: UNEP DTU Partnership
Local Partners: Dirección de Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria (DICTA) ‑ Secretaría de Agricultura y Ganadería, CATIE Honduras and CATIE Nicaragua
Other Partner: CATIE
Total Project Cost: EUR 350,000
NCF Financing: EUR 280,000
Agreement Signed: 18 March 2015
Project Classification: Mitigation
Duration: 30 Months

Project Objective

The objective of the programme is to facilitate a shift towards alternative livestock farming practices, so as to increase farm productivity, reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and contribute to climate change adaptation needs.

Description

Livestock farming in Latin America generates high GHG emissions but is also the main source of income for vulnerable populations that could be most affected by climate change. At the crossroads between food security and ecological challenges, livestock is receiving increased attention, both in terms of mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The project will build increased information available to farmers and policy-makers which promotes sustainable practices in the sector and consensus among national stakeholders’ sustainable approaches for farming practices that support both development and climate goals in Honduras and Nicaragua. The project seeks to identify most appropriate technologies and best practices that improve livestock productivity and livestock farm profitability while contributing to improved strategies for adaptation and mitigation to climate change.

In Honduras and Nicaragua, the livestock sector is of great economic importance, occupying more than 30% of the territory; and contributes between 10-18 % of the GDP. It is the main livelihood for more than 700,000 people. Ecological intensification to increase productivity, conservation of natural resources, adaptation to and mitigation of climate change are fundamental concepts of green growth, and prospective tools in order to transform current practices and move towards green growth practices for the livestock sector. The most important barriers for technology uptake is the lack of training, the investment cost and prolonged negative cash flow of establishment of silvopastoral systems, availability of labour, and the lack evidence of the impact from practice changes over time.

The main outputs of the programme are:

(i) Development of baseline and ‘sustainability’ scenarios, outlining the economic, social and environmental implications of today’s (baseline) versus alternative (‘sustainability’) farming practices;

(ii) Preparation of ‘Sustainability roadmaps’, charting the steps required to implement one ‘sustainability’ scenario (including actors concerned, technologies involved, possible policy options and likely timeframes);

(iii) Articulation of NAMA descriptions for key mitigation options in the sector, identified and designed through a consultative group established for the project.

Relevance for Climate Change

The South American beef sector produces 31% of the global meat and emits about 1 Gt CO2e per year, thus contributing 54% to emissions from global beef production and 15% to emissions from the global livestock sector. These emissions mainly result from three sources: land-use change, feed production, and enteric fermentation. Furthermore, nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide emissions are losses in the nutrient cycle of nitrogen, energy and organic matter that undermine efficiency and productivity. Therefore, general policy interventions that aim at emission reduction shall, in the end, improve production efficiency at animal and herd levels.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

The innovativeness of the project lies on the approach of the project, which focuses on the elaboration of specific training modules on the best cattle farming practices aiming to increase the resilience and to reduce the GHG emissions as well as to increase the overall productivity and efficiency of the small and medium size cattle farms. This focal approach allows interacting and working directly with the farmers facilitating the understanding of the need to elaborate sustainability scenarios which enables the formulation of sectoral policies or national strategies such as the low carbon development strategies and the formulation of the NAMA.

The project aims to help to establish the inter-linkages between the bottom-up with the top-down approaches and to establish baseline versus sustainability scenarios, identify barriers and suggest enabling mechanisms which allows an improvement of the cattle farm practices and contributes to reaching the green growth of the livestock sector.

Key recent milestones achieved as of February 2017

  • Baseline scenarios developed
  • 12 alternative low carbon development practices identified
  • Sustainability scenarios developed and analyses performed on their socioeconomic viability and investment possibilities
  • Training manual developed

More information

UNEP DTU Partnership
Dirección de Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria (DICTA), Secretaría de Agricultura y Ganadería
CATIE