NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Scaling Up Low Carbon Household Water Purification Technologies in the Mekong Sub Region [NDF C3 D6]

Ceramic water purifiers immersed in water. Photo: Suzanne Chew
Making final adjustments to a ceramic water filter. Photo: Suzanne Chew
Hydrologic Social Enterprise factory in Cambodia. Photo: Jyrki Luukkanen
23.09.2013
The primary aim of the project was climate change mitigation and reduced deforestation through the provision of low-cost water purification technologies to the rural poor.

Cambodia and Laos
Scaling Up Low Carbon Household Water Purification Technologies in the Mekong Sub Region
Ref: NDF C3 D6

Nordic Partner: Finland Futures Research Centre
Local Partner: Hydrologic Social Enterprise, TerraClear Development Co. Ltd and Nexus Carbon for Development
Other Partners: n/a
Total Project Cost: EUR 4,606,111
NCF Financing: EUR 439,095
Agreement Signed: 21 March 2013
Project Classification: Mitigation
Duration: 40 Months (Completed)

Project Objective

The primary aim of the project was climate change mitigation and reduced deforestation through the provision of low-cost water purification technologies to the rural poor.

Description

The primary aim of the project was climate change mitigation and reduced deforestation through the provision of low-cost ceramic water purification (CWP) technologies. Utilizing carbon finance, the project sustainably scaled up the production and dissemination of low-cost clean water treatment solutions to poor households in Cambodia and in Laos, where majority of the people reduce bacteria from drinking water by boiling and continue to rely on the unsustainable harvest of fuel wood for their household energy needs.
The project has benefitted 167,000 households via fuel purchase savings time saved collecting fuel, impacts on health like reduced coughing, fewer headaches, less diarrhoea, increased availability of drinking water and less smoke in cooking areas.

Relevance for Climate Change

The project enabled TerraClear and Hydrologic Social Enterprises to scale-up the production and dissemination of CWPs, resulting in reduced deforestation and carbon emissions while providing numerous co-benefits. Over the implementation period the project was able to distribute 167,000 CWPs, which generated about 179,700 tCO2e of emission reductions. After the implementation, the project’s average mitigation potential is estimated at 186,000 tCO2e/a.
In addition, the project can strengthen adaptive capacities through improved access to drinking water, and reduce the dependency on firewood and conserved forests which, in turn, decreases erosion and improves soil water retention. Due to the project activity, 132,000 tonnes of wood has been saved.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

The CWP technology itself is simple and can be manufactured in developing countries where needed. It is an effective and affordable technology to treat water particularly in rural areas. Alternative solutions, such as mineral pots, lack these features. The high-quality clay for filters is locally purchased. The innovativeness of the CWP technology relies on its local production and dissemination, which has long-term results and contributes to local sustainable economic development. Nexus has developed innovative solutions in order to decrease the high transaction costs involved in the registration and management of carbon finance projects.

 

More information

Finland Futures Research Centre
Hydrologic Social Enterprise
TerraClear Development
Nexus Carbon for Development
Final Report: Scaling Up Low Carbon Household Water Purification Technologies in the Mekong Sub Region