NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Technology, adaptation and mitigation: Greening the economy of urban agriculture at Kanata metropolitan area, Bolivia [NDF C82 B2]

Presentation of the agreed strategy for the metropolitan area in Colcapirhua, Cochabamba. Photo: Ariel Chavez, Diakonia.
Presentation of the agreed strategy for the metropolitan area in Colcapirhua, Cochabamba. Photo: Ariel Chavez, Diakonia.
Worshop in the use of organic compost for floriculture in Tiquipaya, Cochabamba. Photo: Ariel Chavez, Diakonia
Worshop in the use of organic compost for floriculture in Tiquipaya, Cochabamba. Photo: Ariel Chavez, Diakonia
14.12.2016
The project implements the Sustainable Cochabamba Action Plan, elaborated as part of the Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative (ESCI) to promote adaptation and mitigation in the Kanata metropolitan area using right-based and gender equality approaches.

Bolivia
Technology, adaptation and mitigation: Greening the economy of urban agriculture at Kanata metropolitan area, Bolivia
Ref: NDF C82 B2
 

Nordic partner: Diakonia
Local partner: Centre for Supporting Integral Management of Water and the Environment “Agua Sustentable”
Other partner: Center for Research and Regional Development, Financial Institution for Development (CIDRE - IFD)
Total project Cost: EUR 643,954.24
NCF financing: EUR 499,996.24
Agreement signed: 1 April 2016
Project classification: Adaptation and Mitigation
Duration: 27 months

Objective

The overall objective of the project is to support the implementation of the "Sustainable Cochabamba" Action Plan through local experiences for improving urban climate resilience with rights and gender-based approaches. More specifically, it aims to strengthen the capacities for adaptation and mitigation of climate change effects in the Kanata metropolitan area through leadership, innovation, investment and environmental protection of women productive organisations, social organisations, universities, public and private entities oriented to water efficiency, urban agriculture, waste management and smarter environmental planning.

Main results/outputs

Result 1: Women’s productive, irrigation and neighbourhood organisations are strengthened in their capacities for water management by applying Nordic technologies to achieve efficiency in water use and for adapting to climate change.

Indicators:

  1. Development: By 2018, a 30% increase (from baseline situation) in coverage of urban water systems serving three neighbourhood organisations placed in highlands and hillsides in Cochabamba, due to the application of photovoltaic pressurisation technologies.
  2. Climate Change: By 2018, three hectares of highlands and hillsides are enabled for containment, agricultural arrangements and green areas, due to the application of hydro-seeding technology in Tiquipaya and Quillacollo. 
  3. Climate Change: By 2018, 1,200 primary students know and inform actively about using the dry toilet technology as an option for adapting to water scarcity in the metropolitan area.

Result 2: Women’s productive, irrigation and neighbourhood organisations are strengthened in their capacities for growing adapted varieties of flowers and vegetables, and lead urban agriculture innovation for adaptation to climate change.

Indicators:

  1. Development: By 2018, a 20% increase in women’s income (from baseline situation and considering income generated only from floriculture), due to the commercialisation of adapted varieties (more water-efficient and with a shorter production cycle) in local and national markets.
  2. Climate Change: By 2018, an average of 0.28 kilograms/person/day of organic residue (including pruning) are selected and processed for compost production in Tiquipaya, Quillacollo and Cochabamba.

Result 3: Women’s productive, irrigation organisations, universities and private entities lead the development of “green business models” for innovations in microfinance, urban agriculture and waste management.

Indicator:

  1. Development: By 2018, € 600,000  has been mobilised in financial resources from public-private partnerships to support urban agriculture at the metropolitan area.

Result 4: Women’s productive, irrigation and neighbourhood organisations, universities and public and private entities are strengthened in their capacities for networking, sustainable and participatory-smart planning, and agreeing on a joint agenda of responsibility to achieve climate resilience in the metropolitan area.

Indicator:

  1. Development: By 2018, one common agenda of responsibility jointly agreed by multi-stakeholders as a supporting mechanism for the environmental orientation of the metropolitan investment plan.
     

Description

When contributing to the implementation of the Sustainable Cochabamba Action Plan, elaborated as part of the Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative (ESCI), project promotes adaptation and mitigation in the  Kanata metropolitan area using right-based and gender equality approaches by:

  • Introducing Nordic technologies in urban districts for water management, which enable water recycling for irrigation and compost production.
  • Improving urban agriculture productivity, business development and market expansion in a B2B (business to business) approach.
  • Developing production protocols of climate-resilient varieties of flowers and vegetables.
  • Developing and offering with a 3R approach (Reducing, Reusing and Recycling) cost-effective microfinance products to economic circuits and actors involved in urban agriculture, contributing to reduced emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG).
  • Strengthening urban planning networks with focus on adaptation and mitigation priorities.

Project components are aiming for rights based, women’s economic empowerment and win-win public-private partnerships through: (i) technology validation and transfer, (ii) capacity-building; (iii) efficient utilisation of organic residue; (iv) business plan development, (v) advocacy and policy development and (vi) public-private partnerships and financing.

It is expected that the overall project as well as each of the identified components will pass necessary justification tests for economic standard.

Relevance for climate change

The project will further develop and implement the “Sustainable Cochabamba” Action Plan (NDF, IDB) with regards to:

a) Basic priorities for the period 2015-2020 on the strengthening of urban capacities for adaptation to climate change and mitigation of GHG emissions and on widening the economic impact of adaptation into the urban agriculture sector. Both adaptation and mitigation cross-cutting issues will be discussed by CSOs and local authorities in concerted planning metropolitan scenarios.

b) Five thematic action plan areas, mainly focusing on three of them: water efficiency; sanitation, urban development and equity; and urban equity and gender. The project is also aligned with the local provincial policy for implementing initiatives for developing and strengthening the capacities to adapt to climate change in rural and urban farming, in irrigation organisations, cooperatives, SMEs and CSOs, while emphasising a gender and right-based approaches.

Innovation aspects

On water technologies: Innovative technologies such as photovoltaic pressurisation systems and hydro-seeding processes will complement efforts to improve water efficiency and climate adaptation at urban contexts. Moreover, the possibility to use treatment plants to recycle water for agriculture has only been tested in a few neighbouring countries.

On urban agriculture: Introducing a gender and right-based approaches on economic circuits and private partnerships while emphasizing a win-win strategy on public-private partnerships marks a difference when implementing the different stages of the emerging cities initiative. Climate-adapted production techniques and microfinance products are highly demanded by women’s organisations but have not yet been introduced for mid-scale flower production in urban sites.

On waste management: Thus far, humus production based on urban residue, the 3Rs approach and the collection of garbage/waste is only practiced in a few Bolivian municipalities.

More information

Diakonia
Centre for supporting Integral Management of Water and the Environment “Agua Sustentable”
Center for Research and Regional Development, Financial Institution for Development (CIDRE - IFD)