NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

Waste recycling in Mozambique through the establishment of Waste Transfer and Recycling Centres: Testing concept and formulation of bottom-up NAMA [NDF C62 B7]

Photo: NCF
The project will implement a Waste Transfer and Recycling Centre in Beira and formulate a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions programme (NAMA) in the waste sector in Mozambique Mozambique

Waste recycling in Mozambique through the establishment of Waste Transfer and Recycling Centres: Testing concept and formulation of bottom-up NAMA
Ref: NDF C62 B 7

Nordic Partner: NIRAS AS
Local Partners: Associação Moçambicana de Reciclagem (AMOR) and Municipality of Beira
Other Partner: Carbon Africa (M) Limitada
Total Project Cost: EUR 1,055,021
NCF Financing: EUR 500,000
Agreement Signed: 6 July 2015
Project Classification: Mitigation
Duration: 18 Months

Project Objective
The objective of the project is to increase the percentage of waste that is being recycled in Mozambique and, as such, directly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by avoiding waste disposal at uncontrolled landfills and indirectly by reducing the use of virgin materials.

Waste management is considered as one of the key challenges of the 21st century. Growing urban populations are producing increasing amounts of waste that are typically ending up in uncontrolled dumpsites. This not only results in negative environmental and health impacts but landfills are also responsible for 8% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. At the same time, the market for recyclable waste has grown significantly over the last years creating new opportunities for sustainable waste management. Based on population data and per capita waste production default values from the IPCC, Mozambique generates an estimated 2 million tons of municipal waste per year. In Maputo, 80% of the municipal waste is collected and disposed at the municipal dumpsite whereas in other municipalities the collection rates vary between 20-60%. It is estimated that formal waste recycling rates are below 1% of the waste that is collected.

The project will have the double purpose of testing and demonstrating the implementation and viability of a Waste Transfer and Recycling Center (WTRC) in Beira, and formulating a bottom up NAMA framework for the promotion of waste recycling in Mozambique. Recyclable waste will be processed at the WTRC into value-added products for onward selling in national and international markets whereas non-recyclable waste will be transferred to the municipal landfill for final disposal. During the initial phases, the WTRC will focus on the processing of plastics, glass and metals. Organic waste will be transformed into compost, briquettes and/or refuse derived fuel (RDF), depending on the local market conditions. Based on the information gathered during the development phase, and further informed by the implementation of the pilot project in Beira, the project will formulate a number of measures for removing/reducing existing barriers and risks using a NAMA framework. This will further enhance the waste value chain in Mozambique and create an enabling environment for private sector involvement in waste management activities in the country.

The main outputs of the project are:
(i) NAMA proposal for the waste sector in Mozambique, which can be submitted to potential bilateral and multilateral donors, including stakeholder engagement in the process of developing the NAMA;
(ii) Pilot waste Transfer and Recycling Centre established and operational in the Municipality of Beira; and
(iii) Preparation for up-scaling in other Mozambican cities.

Relevance for Climate Change
The project will achieve emission reduction through the avoidance of methane emissions from the disposal of organic waste at landfills and through recycling of waste materials. Based on the amount of organic waste that will be diverted away from the landfill and the amount of waste that will be recycled by the project the emission reductions are estimated at an average 15,640 tCO2 per year over the next 20 years.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer
The WTRC to be established in Beira will be the first of a kind in Mozambique. Through the establishment of a WTRC, the project seeks to significantly increase the recycling rate in Mozambique that currently is estimated to be 1% of the total disposed waste. The innovativeness of the project lies on the approach of the project because it links the implementation of a specific project on the ground with the formulation of a wider NAMA framework (bottom-up NAMA). The project is developed in close cooperation with Mozambican Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER). The project will enhance the capacity of MITADER and relevant municipal authorities for the development and implementation of NAMAs.

Key recent milestones achieved/ recent development as of February 2017

  • Engineering contract signed and work commenced (geotechnical survey, design and procurement)
  • NAMA activities on-going
  • Second national workshop carried out

More information
Municipality of Beira
Carbon Africa Ltd